The Papillon dog breed, also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, is considered one of the oldest ones in Spain and Belgium. It has a pleasant appearance, a harmoniously built body that is especially highlighted by its beautiful coat and large ears, which are shaped like the wings of a butterfly.
It is one of the most playful and frisky dog breeds in the world. Active and energetic, it is calm and gentle at the same time. Obedient dogs, the Papillons are patient and smart. They know how to behave around children and they learn new tricks fast. This delicate dog breed’s standard was approved in 1990.
|Dog Breed Group:||Companion Dogs|
|Height:||Generally 8 inches to 11 inches tall at the shoulder|
|Weight:||Generally 4 to 9 pounds|
|Life Span:||12 to 16 years|
This dog breed has 2 varieties, namely the Papillon with straight ears and the Phalene with dropped ears. They both have the same origins and morphological characters. In fact, the Phalene used to be this dog breed’s standard until the early twentieth century.
However, when the dogs with ears like a butterfly wings appeared, they won the sympathy of everybody and were called Papillons. The Phalene or the Spanish Night Moth was the primary indicator of this dog breed, which was most likely developed in Spain. The Dwarf Spaniel is supposed to be its ancestor.
As soon as this dog breed was brought to the Pyrenees in France, it became even more popular. Among its other names, this dog breed was called the Spanish Squirrel because of the way dogs kept their tails.
Adored by the aristocrats, the Papillon appeared in numerous works of art. King Louis XIV appears along with his family with a copy of the Papillon in a painting. Also, King Henri III carried such a dog with him in a basket.
Mary Antoinette’s Papillon accompanied her up to the stairs of the guillotine. Between the fifteenth and twentieth century, this dog type was preferred, pampered, and adored by people part of the major European aristocracy.
Although the size of the Papillon and the level of care recommended for it makes it an ideal apartment dog, it can sometimes be difficult for it to learn not to bark when it is left alone. Its strong territorial instincts determine it to bark when it hears any noise, being unable to distinguish between them.
Firm training or permanent presence is required. In addition, because of its high level of energy, it is not recommended for older people who cannot offer it the exercise it needs. Long walks daily are mandatory for the Papillon.
If it is pleased, it behaves gently, tenderly, and very charming. Almost the perfect lap dog, the Papillon can be carried anywhere thanks to its friendly nature, but it should not be taken to crowded places.