Thai Bangkaew Dog: The Dog that Knows No Fear or Pain

Thai Bangkaew Dog standing
Emily Young
Written by Emily Young

Are you looking for a dog that can keep up with you? One that does not only defer to you but also becomes your equal partner so you can challenge each other and grow together. You may be looking for a Thai Bangkaew dog.

When you have a Thai Bangkaew dog, people notice. This is one of the most confident dogs known with an incredible origin story. This dog knows no pain or fear. In its homeland, Thailand, this breed is famous as a great hunter, companion, and guardian. This is a dominant dog, and you have to earn their respect, but once you do, they will defend you with their lives.

If you have been aspiring to own a TBD, but you have been wondering if this is the right breed for you, then this article will help you. We will provide all the knowledge and information you need to know about the Thai Bangkaew. Read on and get to know if you can handle this dog.

Breed Characteristics

Thai Bangkaew Dog in the forest

  • Adaptability: Good; the dog has the capacity to survive even in the harshest environmental conditions

  • Trainability: Moderate; the dog is very independent and stubborn which can be problematic at times

  • Health and Grooming: Moderate; the dog requires regular and frequent brushing to keep them clean and reduce shedding due to the double coat

  • All Around Friendliness: Moderate; proud and dominant, these dogs need early socialization

  • Exercise Needs: High Maintenance; the Thai Bangkaew is a very hardy and active dog that is ever on the move

Dog Breed GroupSpitz Dogs
HeightMale: 19-21 inches
Female: 17-19 inches
WeightMale: 20-26 kilograms
Female: 16-20 kilograms
Lifespan12-14 years

The Thai Bangkaew is an intelligent hunting dog. Its origin can be traced back to Bangkaew in the central region of Thailand in Bang Rakan district. Tales and legends trace the breed’s ancestry to the Wat Bangkaew Monastery near the Yom River. The dog is believed to be a cross breed between a domestic dog and a jackal.

In Phitsanulok, the Thai Bangkaew is a valuable piece of cultural history. The TBD is first and foremost a companion dog although their talent as hunting and watchdogs cannot be ignored.

The TBD is an energetic, determined, intelligent, and watchful companion dog. They are very dominant, tough, and aggressive with other dogs. In order to curb their stubbornness, even a well-experienced owner with past interaction with dogs will need to exert quite a lot of patience in training.

This is one of the most loyal dogs. The breed is very playful and fond of its family. If the dog is familiarized with children at an early age, they can become wonderful playmates.

If you are looking for an excellent guardian, look no further than the TBD. This dog is praised as an outstanding family and property guardian. By nature, this dog is tough with a fierce fighting spirit. They won’t allow a stranger to enter your property without a fight. If provoked, this dog is very violent and dangerous.

This a pack-oriented and dominant dog. They do not tolerate any form of mistreatment. If not trained well, they can be aggressive towards other small pets such as cats and guinea pigs. This is because of their hunting instincts. With training and socialization, they can adapt and learn to live with other pets.

Main Highlights

Thai Bangkaew puppy

  • The TBD originated from the central religion of Thailand in the Bangkaew village.

  • The dog is named after its place of origin.

  • The Bangkaew is a cross breed between a domestic dog and a jackal.

  • The Thai Bangkaew is an excellent swimmer and loves digging holes.

  • Not recommended for first-time owners as they can be stubborn with a domineering nature.

  • An experienced dog owner who is capable of overcoming the domineering nature of the dog with gentleness should be a great fit for these dogs.

  • The TBD is an Asian medium-sized Spitz dog.

  • In order for the dog to live in peace with other dogs, they require early socialization

  • The herding dogs of the Song group of the Thai Folk who settled near Bangkaew village and the Bangkaew dog interbred and gave rise to the modern appearance of the TBD.

  • The TBD is an excellent and incredible companion with strong hunting skills.

  • Naturally, the Thai Bangkaew is alert and very protective of their family. The dog is often more devoted to one person who is their primary owner.

  • The Bangkaew is a working dog that needs to be kept busy.

  • The dog has a very good memory and remembers even the most complicated of commands.

  • The Bangkaew can be very aggressive and intimidating when mistreated by children. The dog needs to be socialized with children at an early age to get used to them.

  • The dog is not prone to barking, but when annoyed they can bite.

  • The TBD is recommended for an active owner who loves outdoor activities such as hiking and jogging.

  • The TBD is pack-oriented and tends to chase and catch other small pets.

  • This is a dog that loves to explore and investigate their surroundings.

  • The TBD has a relatively long-life span of about 12-14 years.

Breed History

Thai Bangkaew Dog's face

The Thai Bangkaew is named after their place of origin in the central region of Thailand, in the village of Bangkaew. As the story goes, Luang Poo Mak Metharee was a kind and merciful monk who loved caring for all kinds of animals. Tah Nim, a villager of Bangkaew, gave him a female dog that was pregnant. The dog gave birth to puppies that became the parents of the current Bangkaew breed.

The monastery was situated in a forest that was inhabited by jackals, wild boars, and many other wild animals. Because there were no other males in the area, the dog was speculated to have mated with a jackal. The dog gave birth to dark brown and black haired puppies. A chromosomal study on the Thai Bangkaew dog confirmed that the dog is a cross breed between a jackal and a domestic dog.

The genetic pool may have been altered later after the crossbreed. This when the Song, another group of Thai Folk, moved and settled near the Bangkaew village.

The Song were farmers and herders, and they were always accompanied by their herding dog. The Bangkaew villagers did trade with the Song people. In the process of their transactions, the herding dogs started interbreeding with Thai Bangkaew dogs. This gave rise to the modern appearance of the Bangkaew. This dog has a similar appearance to the Spitz family with a plume tail.

The breed has been selectively bred from a single litter since 1957. Later in the year 1983, the breed almost became extinct due to lack of interest. A veterinarian in the province of Phitsanulok, Dr. Nisit Tangtrakarnppong, sought help from the villagers to save the breed.

He started a program called Bangkaew Khuen Thin (Bangkaew Goes Home). This was established to revive the Bangkaew from extinction. The dog was accepted on a provisional basis by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 2011.


Thai Bangkaew Dog standing on grass

The TBD is a medium sized dog and is square in shape. The dog has a body that is well defined and very compact. They have triangular ears that are directly proportional to the size of the head.

The neck is very strong and well-muscled to support the head. The shoulders are very powerful. The neck and the chest are covered with long and thick hair that gives the Thai Bangkaew the impression of a lion. The dog has a deep chest with well-sprung ribs. The tail is usually curved toward the back, and it is long and feathery.

The Bangkaew dog has forelegs that are very powerfully and straight. The hind legs are well muscled, slightly at an angle, and are very strong.

This breed has a double coat of medium length. The undercoat is soft and thick undercoat whereas long hair grows to form the outer coat. The dog has paws that resemble the paws of a cat with rounded, hard pads. This extraordinary characteristic makes the dog very athletic, swift, and flexible.

Personality and Character

The Thai Bangkaew is a smart, intelligent dog that is quick at learning things. The dog is strongly devoted to their owners and always striving to please their master in all ways possible. Even in harsh environmental conditions, the dog shows great stamina and strength. The dog has a strong and natural hunting instinct.

The dog is often used as watch or guard dog or as a family companion due to their friendliness and protectiveness towards family members. They build very strong bonds with their owners.

When confronted by strangers, the dog can be very aggressive to the point of biting. Early training of the dog can help to curb these dominant and destructive behaviors.

See Also: How to Train a Puppy Not to Bite

Health and Potential Problems

Thai Bangkaew Dog walking

Due to the natural isolation of the dogs in their early years, these dogs tend to be very healthy. However, they can suffer on rare occasions from some common dog diseases as explained below.

#1: Otitis Externa

This is an inflammation of the external ear canal of the dog. This is a clinical symptom that can change from acute to chronic.

Otitis externa result when there is a change in the normal environment of the ear canal. This causes the gland lining the canal to enlarge, leading to the production of excessive wax.

Otitis externa causes redness, pain, and excessive itching of the ear. The problem is usually caused by parasites, accumulation of hair, bacterial infections, and food allergies.

To prevent this problem, the dog’s ears should be kept dry and well ventilated. Extra care should be taken when bathing your TBD.

#2: Hip Dysplasia

This is an abnormal formation of the hip socket. In its severe form, it can lead to painful arthritis and crippling of the joints. Instead of a hip joint that slides smoothly, the joint rubs and grinds.

The dog will reduce their movement to protect themselves from any pain that occurs during movement. The dog may end up hopping.

The environment plays a role in contributing to this disease though it is genetically inherited. The disease can be diagnosed through x-rays or hip score test. Excessive jumping should be avoided.

#3: Heartworm Infection

Heartworm infection is a common life-threatening disease among various breeds of dogs. It is caused by mosquito bites. The mosquito passes the infection from a contaminated dog to another.

The parasite resides in the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries in the dog’s heart. The dog only shows signs of the infection when the disease becomes severe.

The prevalence of the heartworm infection increases with age because older dogs have had longer exposure time. The dog will show progressive signs of dyspnea and will have exercise intolerance.

See Also: Best Heartworm Prevention for Dogs

#4: Cataracts

Cataracts can affect one eye or both eyes. The cloudiness can vary from partial opacity to complete opacity of the lens. The disease is caused by trauma to the eye or old age.

Cataracts can develop as the dog grows or can be present from birth. This condition can be very minor at times and will not interfere with vision. Other times, cataracts can be so severe that it may lead to blindness.

The dog may have watery eyes and become very sensitive to light. Ensure your dog’s eyes are checked regularly for any sign of cataracts.

Care Features

Thai Bangkaew Dog standing on yard

The TBD is an energetic and active dog that needs to be stimulated mentally and physically. The dog should be regularly exercised on a daily basis to maintain their charm and keep them from being bored, as they can be a nuisance when bored.

The breed is capable of living either in an urban area or a rural settlement. The rural area is preferred so the dog can exercise their active nature.

The double coat protects the dog from extreme temperatures, hence enabling them to survive in different environments. A proper and high-quality food in addition to regular exercises are recommended to generally maintain the health of the dog.

The dog should be trained and socialized from an early age. This enables them to adapt to living with other pets and to familiarize themselves with the family members. Training should be short, preferably 30 minutes, to prevent the dog from losing concentration.

During the training, the dog should be rewarded with a treat to encourage them. Any kind of mistreatment or hostility toward the dog should be avoided by all means, as this makes them very aggressive to the point of biting.

Feeding Schedule

For Thai Bangkaew between the age of 8 and 12 weeks, they need to be fed on four small meals within a period of 24 hours. Dogs that are between the age of 3 and 6 months should be fed three times a day. Puppies that are in the age bracket of 6 months to 1 year should be fed two meals a day.

High-quality dry dog food that can be mixed with water or canned food is preferred for Thai Bangkaew Dog as compared to commercial dry food. Clean and fresh water should be available at all times.

See Also: Raw Dog Food Recipes

Coat, Color, and Grooming

Thai Bangkaew Dog's head

The Thai Bangkaew has a double coat that needs to be maintained on a regular basis. The coat comes in colors of white, red, black, or fawn with symmetrical marking on the head.

Professional grooming is not required for the TBD, but as the owner, you need to be quite diligent at grooming your dog. To avoid mites from developing in the coat, brushing should be done at least once or twice a week. This also makes the coat free from tangles and dead hairs.

Bathing should be done every 6 to 8 weeks. Their ears and eyes tend to get easily dirty. Inspection and cleaning of the ears should be done weekly. Additionally, brushing of the teeth is recommended to prevent dental problems.

Children and Other Pets Compatibility

Thai Bangkaew puppies playing

If the Bangkaew dog is brought up with children, they can become amazing playmates. The children should be taught how to handle and treat the dog because the TBD does not tolerate manhandling. The dog has great adaptability, making it easy for a new family to familiarize themselves with the dog.

This dog is a primitive hunting dog that will not miss a chance to chase and catch small animals in the home. With some training, the dog may learn to live with other pets, although this is not guaranteed. Animals like guinea pigs, birds, and hamster should never be left alone with the Thai Bangkaew.

Wrap Up

Thai Bangkaew Dog with light spots

The Thai Bangkaew is a remarkable and devoted dog. The dog has strong natural guarding instincts. The Bangkaew is brave and always alert, making them perfect guard dogs. The dog is playful and friendly toward children.

However, this breed requires an active lifestyle. This makes it fit for owners who are active and like jogging and hiking. With some dedication and gentleness toward the Bangkaew, the dog will strive to please you, and they never disappoint.

So, what do you think about the Thai Bangkaew? Do you think this dog will be the perfect companion for you, or would you rather look for another breed? If you have one in your home what’s your experience with this dog?

We are always eager to hear your opinions and experiences; let us know how you feel about the TBD in the comments section below. If you need name suggestions for your TBD, check out our list of old-fashioned dog names, since these dogs come from an ancient and distinguished line.

About the author
Emily Young
Emily Young

Emily is originally from China where she graduated from The University of Hong Kong with high distinction learning about fashion and design. During university she opened her own magazine about Dog Fashion as dogs were always in her heart. She was surprised, when she moved to a beautiful British Columbia 10 years ago, to see many great Boutiques with dog's designer clothing and desire of pet owners to make their babies look nice.